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Kansas Real-Time Water Quality

Sulfate, dissolved

Overview

Sulfate contributes to the dissolved solids in water and can be added to a stream through irrigation return flow, which could cause sulfate concentrations to be increase because of evapotranspiration. Sulfate originates from evaporate deposits such as gypsum and the oxidation of sulfide minerals such as pyrite. High sulfate concentrations are undesirable because the water would be less useable as a drinking-water source.

Water-quality standards and criteria are developed by the States, approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), and then promulgated (passed into law) as standards by each State. Graphs on this website allow comparison of measured and computed data to these standards and criteria by plotting them as straight lines. When evaluating data to decide whether water quality is suitable for the intended use, viewers are cautioned to consider the uncertainty associated with these computed data.

Water-quality Standards and Criteria

USEPA maximum SDWR for finished drinking water: 250 mg/L

High chloride concentrations are undesirable because the water is less useable as a drinking-water source. A non-enforceable maximum of 250 milligrams per liter for treated drinking water has been established.

Source: USEPA National Secondary Drinking Water Regulations (view online)

Kansas livestock wateing criterion: 1000 mg/L

A maximum criterion of 1000 milligrams per liter.

Source: Kansas Department of Health and the Environment (view online)

Stations That Measure or Compute Continuous Sulfate

Click a station to view measurements of sulfate.

Station Name Station Identifier
Kansas River at Topeka, KS 06889000
Kill Creek at 95 Street near DeSoto, KS 06892360
Cedar Creek near DeSoto, KS 06892495
Mill Creek at Johnson Drive, Shawnee, KS 06892513
Blue River at Kenneth Road, Overland Park, KS 06893100
Blue R at Blue Ridge Ext in KC, MO 06893150
Indian Creek at State Line Road, Leawood, KS 06893390
Rattlesnake Creek near Zenith, KS 07142575
Little Arkansas River at Highway 50 near Halstead, KS 07143672
Little Arkansas River near Sedgwick, KS 07144100
North Fork Ninnescah River above Cheney Reservoir, KS 07144780

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URL: http://nrtwq.usgs.gov/ks/constituents/view/00945
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Page Last Modified: Wed 06 October 2010